EYFS and Year One
Within our Early years and Year One phonics is taught daily using synthetic phonics. The children learn a new sound daily, using the ditty rhyme and actions in order to remember the sound. The children use whiteboards to practice their sounds and the letter formation of each sound. They will recap the sounds previously taught within each lesson.
The teacher adds to their phonics working wall, using sounds that have been taught and evidence of the children’s writing to support their learning. The children are also given opportunities within their child led activities to apply their skills.
We use the teaching programme of Letters and Sounds and to develop the children’s understanding we use a range of resources, including, sound cards, green cards (decodable words) and red cards (words that cannot be decoded). Phonics mats are available at all times for the children and used within all other lessons in order to consolidate their sound learning.
The format of each lesson follows the same pattern. This being; recap (using flashcards of previous sounds taught and tricky words), new sound being taught, the children practicing the new sound (in both reading and writing) and applying the new sound in both reading and writing.
Phonics vocabulary is shared and taught to the children, this includes words such as: graphemes, phonemes, sound buttons, digraphs, trigraphs, quadgraphs, common exception words, tricky words, syllables and polysyllabic words.
Interventions and booster groups may be used in order to target children who need more specific sound input, as well as for the children who are sight readers.
The children who did not achieve the phonics screening test in Year 1 have separate phonics interventions with an adult. This is in order to target specific areas with each child.
General phonics is taught within spelling lessons in class. The focus is on sound families and common exception word spelling. The children are introduced to the words and focus family at the start of the week by the teacher, then throughout the week the children will consolidate their new learning by doing a range of activities. These activities include; snap, chalking, spelling art, dictionary task and fancy pens.
For their home learning, children are given sound mats to practice particular sounds, we well as alien words to segment and blend (within Year One). They are also given specific tricky words to practice and read, these are given out weekly.